Bài tập thì hiện tại đơn và thì hiện tại tiếp diễn có đáp án

Thì hiện tại đơn và thì hiện tại tiếp diễn là một trong những thì cơ bản trong ngữ pháp tiếng Anh và là kiến thức mà ai học tiếng Anh cũng cần phải nắm được. Cùng tham khảo bài viết dưới đây bài tập về thì hiện tại đơn và thì hiện tại tiếp diễn nhé:

1. Thì hiện tại đơn:

Cấu trúc:

- Câu khẳng định: S + V (s/es)

Ex: He frequently plays tennis.

- Câu phủ định: S + do/does not + V-inf

Ex: She doesn’t usually play tennis.

- Câu hỏi: Do/Does + S + V-inf?

Ex: Do you often play tennis?

Cách dùng:

1. Diễn tả một thói quen, một hành động xảy ra thường xuyên lặp đi lặp lại ở hiện tại.

Eg: He watches TV every night.

2. Diễn tả một chân lý, một sự thật hiển nhiên.

Eg: The sun rises in the East.

3. Diễn tả một lịch trình có sẵn, thời khóa biểu, chương trình

Eg: The plane leaves for London at 12.30 p.m.

4. Dùng sau các cụm từ chỉ thời gian when, as soon as… và trong câu điều kiện loại 1

Eg: I will call you as soon as I arrive.

Dấu hiệu nhận biết:

- Often, usually, frequently

- Always, constantly

- Sometimes, occasionally

- Seldom, rarely

- Every day/ week/ month

2. Thì hiện tại tiếp diễn:

Cấu trúc:

- Câu khẳng định: S + am/is/are + V-ing

Ex: The children are playing football now.

- Câu phủ định: S + am/is/are + not + V-ing

Ex: The children are not playing football right now.

- Câu hỏi: Am/Is/Are + S + V-ing?

Ex: Are the children playing football at present?

Cách dùng:

1. Diễn tả một hành động đang xảy ra tại hiện tại.

Eg: The children are playing football now.

2. Dùng theo sau câu đề nghị, mệnh lệnh.

Eg: Look! The child is crying.

3. Thì này còn được dùng để diễn tả một hành động sắp xảy ra.

Eg: He is coming tomorrow.

Dấu hiệu nhận biết:

- Now

- Right now

- At the moment

- At present

- Look! Listen!...

3. Bài tập thì hiện tại đơn và thì hiện tại tiếp diễn có đáp án:

3.1. Bài tập thì hiện tại đơn:

Task 1. Chia động từ trong ngoặc ở Thì hiện tại đơn.

1. I (be) ________ at school at the weekend.

2. She (not study) ________ on Friday.

3. My students (be not) ________ hard working.

4. He (have) ________ a new haircut today.

5. I usually (have) ________ breakfast at 7.00.

6. She (live) ________ in a house?

7. Where (be)____ your children?

8. My sister (work) ________ in a bank.

9. Dog (like) ________ meat.

10. She (live)________ in Florida.

1. I am at school at the weekend. 2. She doesn’t study on Friday. 3. My students are not/ aren’t hard working. 4. He has a new haircut today. 5. I usually have breakfast at 7.00. 6. Does she live in a house? 7. Where are your children? 8. My sister works in a bank. 9. Dog likes meat. 10. She lives in Florida.

Task 2. Chọn đáp án đúng.

1. I don’t stay/ doesn’t stay at home.

2. We don’t wash/ doesn’t wash the family car.

3. Doris don’t do/ doesn’t do her homework.

4. They don’t go/ doesn’t go to bed at 8.30 p.m.

5. Kevin don’t open/ doesn’t open his workbook.

6. Our hamster don’t eat/ doesn’t eat apples.

7. You don’t chat/ doesn’t chat with your friends.

8. She don’t use/ doesn’t use a ruler.

9. Max, Frank and Steve don’t skate/ doesn’t skate in the yard.

10. The boy don’t throw/ doesn’t throw stones.

1. I don’t stay at home.

2. We don’t wash the family car.

3. Doris doesn’t do her homework.

4. They don’t go to bed at 8.30 p.m.

5. Kevin doesn’t open his workbook.

6. Our hamster doesn’t eat apples.

7. You don’t chat with your friends.

8. She doesn’t use a ruler.

9. Max, Frank and Steve don’t skate in the yard.

10. The boy doesn’t throw stones.

Task 3. Chuyển sang câu phủ định.

1. She feeds the animals. - She __________________ the animals.

2. We take photos. - We ______________ photos.

3. Sandy does the housework every Thursday. - Sandy _____________ the housework every Thursday.

4. The boys have two rabbits. - The boys ___________ two rabbits.

5. Simon can read English books. - Simon ___________ read English books.

6. He listens to the radio every evening. - She ___________ to the radio every evening.

7. Annie is the best singer of our school. - Annie __________ the best singer of our school.

8. The children are at home. - The children ___________ at home.

9. The dog runs after the cat. - The dog __________ after the cat.

10. Lessons always finish at 3 o'clock. - Lessons _________________ at 3 o'clock.

1. She does not feed/ doesn't feed the animals.
2. We do not take/ don't take photos. 3. Sandy does not do/ doens't do the housework every Thursday. 4. The boys do not have/ don't have two rabbits. 5. Simon can not read/ can't read English books. 6. He does not listen/ doesn't listen to the radio every evening. 7. Annie is not/ isn't the best singer of our school. 8. The children are not/ aren't at home. 9. The dog does not run/ doesn't run after the cat. 10. Lessons don't/ do not always finish at 3 o'clock.

Task 4. Điền dạng đúng của từ trong ngoặc.

1. She (not study) ………. on Saturday.

2. He (have) ………. a new haircut today.

3. I usually (have) ……….breakfast at 6.30.

4. Peter (not/ study)……….very hard. He never gets high scores.

5. My mother often (teach)……….me English on Saturday evenings.

6. I like Math and she (like)……….Literature.

7. My sister (wash)……….dishes every day.

8. They (not/ have)……….breakfast every morning.

1. She doesn’t study on Saturday.

2. He has a new haircut today.

3. I usually have breakfast at 6.30

4. Peter doesn’t study (does not study) very hard. He never gets high scores.

5. My mother often teaches me English on Saturday evenings.

6. I like Math and she likes Physics

7. My sister washes dishes every day.

8. They don’t have (do not have ) breakfast every morning.

Task 5. Viết lại câu hoàn chỉnh từ những từ đã cho.

Eg: They / wear suits to work? ⇒ Do they wear suits to work?

1. She / not / sleep late at the weekends

2. we / not / believe the Prime Minister

3. you / understand the question?

4. David / want some coffee?

5. when / she / go to her Chinese class?

6. why / I / have to clean up?

7. they / not / work late on Fridays

8. she / have three daughters

1. She doesn’t sleep late at the weekends.

2. We don’t believe the Prime Minister.

3. Do you understand the question?

4. Does David want some coffee?

5. When does she go to her Chinese class?

6. Why do I have to clean up?

7. They don’t work late on Fridays.

8. She has three daughters.

3.2. Bài tập thì hiện tại tiếp diễn:

Task 1. Cho dạng đúng của động từ trong ngoặc.

1. Look! The car (go) so fast.

2. Listen! Someone (cry) in the next room.

3. Your brother (sit) next to the beautiful girl over there at present?

4. Now they (try) to pass the examination.

5. It’s 12 o’clock, and my parents (cook) lunch in the kitchen.

6. Keep silent! You (talk) so loudly.

7. I (not stay) at home at the moment.

8. Now she (lie) to her mother about her bad marks.

9. At present they (travel) to New York.

10. He (not work) in his office now.

1.is going 2.is crying 3. Is your brother sitting 4. are trying 5. are cooking 6. are talking 7. am not staying 8. is lying 9. are travelling 10. isn’t working

Task 2. Xây dựng câu sử dụng thì hiện tại tiếp diễm dựa vào các từ gợi ý cho sẵn.

1. My/ father/ water/ some plants/ the/ garden.

2. My/ mother/ clean/ floor/.

3. Mary/ have/ lunch/ her/ friends/ a/ restaurant.

4. They/ ask/ a/ man/ about/ the/ way/ the/ railway/ station.

5. My/ student/ draw/ a/ beautiful/ picture.

1. My father is watering some plants in the garden. (Bố của tôi đang tưới cây ở trong vườn.) 2. My mother is cleaning the floor. (Mẹ của tôi đang lau nhà.) 3. Mary is having lunch with her friends in a restaurant. (Mary đang ăn trưa với bạn trong một quán ăn.) 4. They are asking a man about the way to the railway station. (Họ đang hỏi một người đàn ông về đường đi tới nhà ga.) 5. My student is drawing a beautiful picture. (Học trò của tôi đang vẽ một bức tranh rất đẹp.)

Task 3. Hoàn thành các câu sử dụng động từ sau: start - get - increase - change - rise

1. The population of the world ................ very fast.

2. The world ………………... Things never stay the same.

3. The situation is already bad and it …………………worse.

4. The cost of living .............. . Every year things are more expensive.

5. The weather ............ to improve. The rain has stopped, and the wind isn't as strong.

1. is increasing 2. is changing 3. 's getting / is getting 4. is rising 5. is starting

Task 4. Chọn đáp án đúng:

1. Have you got an umbrella? It ........................... to rain.

a. is starting     b. are starting

c. am starting     d. start

2. You ............ a lot of noise. Can you be quieter? I ........... to concentrate.

a. is makeing/am trying     b. are makeing/ am trying

c. are making/ am trying     d. is making/ am trying

3. Why are all these people here? What ........... ?

a. am happening     b. are happening

c. is happening     d. is happening

4. Your English ........... . How do you learn?

a. is improving     b. are improving

c. improve     d. improving

5. Please don’t make so much noise. I ............. to work.

a. is trying     b. are trying

c. trying     d. am trying

6. Let’s go out now. It ............ any more.

a. am raining     b. is raining

c. are raining     d. raining

7. You can turn off the radio. I .......... to it.

a. are not listening     b. isn’t listening

c. am not listening     d. don’t listening

8. Kate phoned me last night. She is on holiday in France. She ...... a great time and doesn’t want to come back.

a. is haveing     b. are having

c. am having     d. is having

9. I want to lose weight, so this week I ........... lunch.

a. am not eating     b. isn’t eating

c. aren’t eating     d. amn’t eating

10. Andrew has just started evening classes. He ........... German.

a. are learning     b. is learning

c. am learning     d. learning

Câu hỏi 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Đáp án a c c a d b c d a b

Task 5. Hoàn thành câu sử dụng từ cho sẵn.

1. I/ wash / my hair.

⇒ ............

2. It/ snow.

⇒ .............

3. They/ sit/ on the bench.

⇒ .............

4. It/ rain/ very hard.

⇒ ............

5. She/ learn/ English.

⇒ ............

6. He/ listen/ to the radio.

⇒ ............

7. We/ smoke/ in the class.

⇒ ...........

8. I/ read/ a newspaper.

⇒ .............

9. You/ watch/ T.V?

⇒ .............

10. What/ you/ do?

⇒ ............

1. I’m washing my hair.

2. It’s snowing.

3. They’re sitting on the bench.

4. It’s raining very hard.

5. She’s learning English.

6. He’s listening to the radio.

7. We’re smoking in the class.

8. I’m reading a newspaper.

9. Are you watching TV?

10. What are you doing?

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